Because of the rapid increase in commercially available Fourier transform infrared spectrometers and computers over the past ten years, it has now become feasible to use IR spectrometry to characterize very thin films at extended interfaces. At the same time, interest in thin films has grown tremendously because of applications in microelectronics, sensors, catalysis, and nanotechnology. The Handbook of Infrared Spectroscopy of Ultrathin Films provides a practical guide to experimental methods, up-to-date theory, and considerable reference data, critical for scientists who want to measure and interpret IR spectra of ultrathin films. This authoritative volume also: Offers information needed to effectively apply IR spectroscopy to the analysis and evaluation of thin and ultrathin films on flat and rough surfaces and on powders at solid-gaseous, solid-liquid, liquid-gaseous, liquid-liquid, and solid-solid interfaces. <ul><li>Provides full discussion of theory underlying techniques <li>Describes experimental methods in detail, including optimum conditions for recording spectra and the interpretation of spectra <li>Gives detailed information on equipment, accessories, and techniques <li>Provides IR spectroscopic data tables as appendixes, including the first compilation of published data on longitudinal frequencies of different substances <li>Covers new approaches, such as Surface Enhanced IR spectroscopy (SEIR), time-resolved FTIR spectroscopy, high-resolution microspectroscopy and using synchotron radiation</ul>
My introduction to the fascinating phenomena associated with detonation waves came through appointments as an external fellow at the Department of Physics, University College of Wales, and at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds. Very special thanks for his accurate guidance through the large body of information on gaseous detonations are due to Professor D. H. Edwards of University College of Wales. Indeed, the onerous task of concisely enumerating the key features of unidimensional theories of detonations was undertaken by him, and Chapter 2 is based on his initial draft. When the text strays to the use of we, it is a deserved acknow- ledgement of his contribution. Again, I should like to thank Professor D. Bradley of Leeds University for his enthusiastic encouragement of my efforts at developing a model of the composition limits of detonability through a relationship between run-up distance and composition of the mixture. The text has been prepared in the context of these fellowships, and I am grateful to the Central Electricity Generating Board for its permission to accept these appointments.
The GAAP Handbook of Policies and Procedures is the most complete and user-friendly source of on-the-job help for applying generally accepted accounting principles in practice. It provides guidance in resolving any issues and problems that the accountant may face day-to-day in applying GAAP. The GAAP Handbook provides many rules of thumb. Its content includes informative rules, policies, and procedures applicable to CPAs and may be used as a training medium. This practical reference contains all of the important authoritative pronouncements on GAAP with references to ASC codification, and the corresponding references to the original literature, including APB Opinions, Accounting Research Bulletins, FASB Statements, Staff Positions, Interpretations, Technical Bulletins, and Concepts, as well as AICPA Statements of Position as an aid. Securities and Exchange Financial Reporting Releases and EITF Issues are also covered when appropriate. This volume contains accounting principles, financial reporting presentation requirements, required and recommended disclosures, and specialized accounting topics. The book includes examples, tables, exhibits, and practice aids that demonstrate how to apply GAAP in practice. In some cases, flowcharts are presented to explain, in clearer terms, the practitioner's decision process in applying a pronouncement. Current footnotes from annual reports provide clear examples of reporting. The book also comes with a free companion CD-ROM that contains an electronic version of the book. Subscribers can also earn online CPE credits through the CCH Learning Center (see the book's Highlights pages for more information).
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