Engineered wood is artificial composite wood made of multiple layers of materials surrounded by two layers of wood. This allows engineered wood to have additional properties that it does not share with regular, solid wood.A layer of wood is called ply and have been fused together with glue, heat, pressure. They are composed primarily of fibres, veneers, wood planks and may include foams, plastics, and polymers in between the timber layers. Engineered wood has a variety of use cases as it gains versatility from being composed of various materials and gaining their properties.
Engineered wood is lighter and have properties such as fire resistance, heat resistance, sound damping, increased resistance to biological and insect attacks, which gives it a wide range of uses from structural elements and interior design elements to decorative elements and furniture. They are also less expensive than solid wood which makes it ideal for mass produced consumer furniture. Most shelves, cabins, desks, and chairs stocked by the average furniture store such as furniture stores Canberra is likely to be made of some type of engineered wood.
Mass timber, which is a type of engineered wood is a viable substitute for concrete and steel and building construction as a material for structural elements which can result in the use of more timber in construction. This would result in the construction industry being a carbon sink, with atmospheric carbon being trapped in the building elements.
The main advantage for using engineered wood is that since it is artificial, it can be designed to meet required specifications and performance requirements. Certain types of wood can also be fabricated according to the required shape.
Plywood is the most popular type of engineered wood and is often considered the original engineered wood product. It comprises of thin layers wood veneer that are glued together with adjacent layers having their wood grain (arrangement of wood fibres) rotated up to 90 degrees to one another. It is used in many applications for its high strength and resistance to cracking, bending, shrinking, and warping. It is used in flooring, walls, and roofs as a building material and for panels in shelving and furniture.
Particle board, also known as chipboard, is another type of engineered wood which is made by compressing wood chips with glue. This lends it its main advantage in that it can be made in any shape. However, it also less rigid than other engineered wood types due to the composition of chips. It is used in projects where money is a concern as it is extremely cheap relative to other types of wood but is less strong and not as aesthetic. It is used in the manufacture of kitchen cabinets, countertops and furniture.
Laminate veneer is a type of engineered wood produced by bonding thin wood veneers together in a large billet. It has enhanced rigidity and is therefore used in structural building elements such as roof rafters, ceiling and floor joists, columns etc.